Other colors are pale, such as yellow desert sands and white ice. When sunlight hits pale colored surfaces, much of it is reflected, bouncing back out to space. When sunlight hits dark colored surfaces, very little of it is reflected. Most of it is absorbed. The amount of energy reflected by a surface is called albedo. Dark colors have an albedo close to zero, meaning little or no energy is reflected. The amount reflected back out to space is called the planetary albedo.
Above the Earth surface, clouds reflect large amount of sunlight out to space too. Ball Journal of Geophysical Research. Bibcode : JGR Archived from the original on 30 September Manchester Metropolitan University. Archived from the original on 1 March Retrieved 11 November Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics: Fundamentals and Applications. Albedo of the Sahara. Retrieved 19 August Geophysical Research Letters.
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Nazarenko, supra note 18, at Zender, J. Randerson, and P. Rasch, Present-day climate forcing and response from black carbon in snow , J. D "The forcing is maximum coincidentally with snowmelt onset, triggering strong snow-albedo feedback in local springtime. European Planetary Science Congress Abstracts. Bibcode : epsc. Retrieved 14 September Robert Johnston 17 September Johnston's Archive.
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Planetary Radar in Encyclopedia of the Solar System 2nd ed. Bottke, W. University of Arizona Press. Insights into their composition, hydration state, and structure". Summary and synthesis". Climate change. Attribution of recent climate change Effects of climate change Climate change mitigation Climate change adaptation By country and region.
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